A Guide to Dog Coat Types

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Our puppies have different coat types, depending on their breed or mix of breeds. Below is a guide to help you understand the coat types, shedding and how to care for your dog's coat.


There are 3 coat variations of coats, Wool, Fleece and Hair as well as single and double coats. 

The Wool Coat

A single coat of densely packed curls


Curly Coat – Dogs with a curly or wavy coat, have thick and soft curls close to the body.

You will need a soft slicker brush for this type of coat. Whether your dog is clipped in a modified show clip or a puppy clip, use the slicker to brush the coat against the way it grows to make it fluff up. Next, bathe your curly-haired dog with Rosewater Shampoo and Conditioner. Towel dry him before fluff drying him using a blow dryer, while brushing him with the slicker brush from the skin out. (Examples: Poodle, Bichon Frise)

​The Wool coat is similar to a poodle texture and feel. It does require regular grooming and combing.

 

What dogs have a wool coat?
 

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Wool Coat
Wool Coat

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Wool Coat
Wool Coat

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The Fleece Coat (Wavy)

 

Fleece 

A single or double coat with waves
The Fleece textured coat is a soft texture as in the Angora goat. It can either have a straight wavy look or a soft spiraling curl look. It is an easy to manage textured coat. This is our most preferred coat type by clients and ourselves. We have found most fleece coats to be allergy-friendly.

 

 


What dogs have a fleece coat?
Australian Labradoodles are known for being non-shedding and whilst most of them are due to their wool and fleece coats, the hair-coated dogs do shed to varying degrees, just like Early Generation Labradoodles.

 

 

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Fleece way coat
Fleece way coat

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The Hair Coat

A double coat with a wiry top coat on top of a fuzzy undercoat. 

The hair coat has odor and sheds in varying degrees. It is most like the coat type of Labradors. It is usually seen in early generation dogs such as the first cross of a lab and poodle, F1b, and F2b Labradoodles and Goldendoodles. This is not an allergy-friendly coat.

 

​What dogs have a hair coat?

Double Coat – A dog with a double coat will need a little more TLC than a smooth-coated dog. These dogs may have a short or long hair. You will need a slicker brush or pin brush for either length and a wide-toothed comb as well, for double-coated dogs with long hair. For short-haired double-coated dogs, use the brush to comb out the undercoat, brushing outward from the skin. Use the same brush to go over the topcoat, brushing with the lay of the coat

What dogs have a double coat?

 

 

 

Double coated breeds consist of straight and short to moderate, long hair.

They have a harsh outer guard coat and a soft undercoat that is thick and dense to protect them in extreme weather conditions. Seasonal shedding occurs year round with these breeds and can be profuse when blowing coat. Natural body oils can create ‘doggie odour’ in some breeds with this coat type.

When shedding, we recommend our De-Shedding Shampoo, and adding our Anti-Static Detangler to the rinse water, or by simply spraying over coat before drying will help blow water and coat out quicker when drying. At all other times a deep cleansing shampoo will help with ‘doggie odours’, our Herbal Shampoo is deep cleansing and our Clarifying Shampoo is fantastic for degreasing and deep cleansing dogs and cats. Again daily to weekly brushing/combing is required to assist with removing undercoat. If coat tends to mat, knot or tangle we suggest using our Anti-Static Detangler as a grooming aid. Any of our Cologne Coat Glosses can be used to keep coat smelling fresh in between washes and shiny.

Breeds Include:

Akita, Alaskan Malamute, Anatolian Shepherd, Siberian Husky, Norwegian Elkhound, Collie – smooth coated, German Shepherd, Cardigan Welsh Corgi, Pembroke Welsh Corgi, Finnish Spitz, Schipperke, Shiba Inu.

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Double Coated
Double Coated

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What is the Best Coat for Allergy Sufferers?  

  

Dogs with a wool (curly) single coat are more suitable for those suffering with allergies. These coats have the lowest allergens due to curls that catch dander and are low shedding. Dogs with wool single coats shed slowly and their curls help trap hairs as they fall out.  

  

These coats are high maintenance requiring daily brushing. This should be done with a high-quality slicker brush which helps detangle surface hair and remove dander, dirt and debris.   

  

Low Maintenance Coats  

  

If allergies are not an issue and a low maintenance coat, is preferred, a fleece or hair coat would be most suitable.  

  

This type of coat is average to low shedding due to undercoat hairs falling out and new ones coming in.   

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Will My Dog Shed? 

This varies depending on which breed/parent they take  after as well as the individual puppy’s coat.

 

There are 3 coat variations as well as single and double coats. 

 

Wool 

A single coat of densely packed curls 

Fleece 

A single or double coat with waves

Hair 

A double coat with a wiry top coat on top of a fuzzy undercoat. 

 

Single Coat 

No undercoat 

Double Coat 

Top coat and Undercoat 

 

All dogs shed their old fur so new fur can grow in, and all dogs produce dander (dead skin cells). Depending on the kind of the coat the dog has deems it less or more likely to trigger allergies.   

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Long Haired short haired

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Long Coat – Don’t let the intimidation of grooming a long-haired dog overwhelm you. Whether you have a long-haired dog with a coarse coat or a silky coat, a grooming regimen that suits you and your dog will help


their coat continue to look their best. A Long-haired dog with a coarse coat has a softer undercoat mixed in. You will need a slicker brush or pin brush and a smooth bristle brush. Longer hair is at a greater risk for matting so have Detangler & Shine on hand. Start by removing any mats that you find by placing a dime size of  Detangler & Shine on the mat and working it out with your fingers and the brush. Next, using the pin brush, brush the coat out gently in the direction that it grows. Then, go over the entire coat again with a soft bristle brush. Bathe your dog with Rosewater Shampoo and Rosewater Conditioner afterwards. Long-haired silky-coated dogs, have no undercoat. But as with the long, coarse coat, the biggest challenge in grooming a long, silky coat, is dealing with the mats that often form in the fine hair. Use the Detangler & Shine to remove all mats and then brush the entire coat with the lay of the hair. After grooming, bathe the dog with Cowboy Magic® Rosewater Shampoo and follow with Rosewater Conditioner. Dry with a hair dryer, and brush the coat out. (Examples: Shih Tzu, Lhasa Apso, Yorkshire Terrier, Maltese)
 

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